“Happy employees are not necessarily productive employees”   Ideally, organizational or workplace culture supports a positive, productive, environment. However, happy employees are not necessarily productive or engaged employees.   In 2010, the Conference Board recorded the lowest level ever on employment satisfaction (Associated Press, 2010).  The level of employees satisfied with their work had dropped four (4)…

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The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (amended in 1991) declared that employers must maintain a workplace free of discrimination based on sex, race, color, religion, or national origin. As a result, organizations have attempted to reduce racial discrimination, of which racial harassment is a subtype. Nevertheless, racial discrimination and harassment remain pervasive throughout the workplace,…

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